Dear Actuary: What are demographic and longevity risks?
A primer for plan sponsors on demographic and longevity risks and how they affect public pensions.
Machine learning algorithms fit models based on patterns identified in data and can be very complex. In this report, we describe and illustrate a range of methods for interpreting machine learning models from the growing field of Interpretable Machine Learning (IML).
This report was originally published by the Society of Actuaries.